Fluid transfer pumps: Types and Benefits
It’s more difficult to move liquids from one place to another than solid objects because of the physical properties of different types of liquids. History tells us that experts employed a wide spectrum of methods to move liquids with machines and irrigation systems. This article will cover the uses of liquid transfer pumps and the important things you should keep in mind when selecting the right pump for the job. Read on.
Types of Fluid Transfer Pumps
Another term used for water transfer pumps is the dewatering pump. The reason this term is used for these devices is that their most common application is the removal of water from commonly flooded areas like basements.
You can choose from different types of pumps based on your routine needs. These devices vary greatly based on the purposes they are designed for. For instance, there are transfer pumps designed to transfer non-hazardous liquids such as water, and other pumps built specifically to facilitate the transfer of chemicals and other hazardous fluids.
Pumps help move fuel, oil, and lubricants between locations. They are frequently used when servicing heavy equipment and fleets. Transfer pumps also remove liquids from above or below ground tanks in order to ready the tanks for cleaning or maintenance.
As the name suggests, liquid transfer pumps can be used in order to transfer large volumes of fluid horizontally or vertically, such as from a dam to a large tank, or from a yard, basement or construction site to another spot. By selecting the right pump, you can significantly improve the efficiency of moving water from a flooded area like a basement.
Over the years, we have seen an increase in the number of pumps that are reliable, durable and efficient. There are two primary source of power for types of these pumps: petrol/diesel and electric powered units.
In most cases, electric pumps are employed for indoor use, such as an aquarium, caravan, small garden and rainwater tank. Typically, these pumps get their power from a regular wall socket. Some more powerful units are designed to run on a DC power source like a car battery.
DC water pumps are designed with everyday users in mind. These units are an ideal choice for routine household tasks, as they don’t require a lot of power or regular maintenance. On the other hand, diesel or petrol pumps require much more power and regular maintenance. If they are not taken care of, they may go out of order and may require replacement. For this reason alone, DC pumps are often a better choice for smaller jobs.
Although there are large electric pumps that can be used to pump water over long distances, these units are stationary. In other words, you can’t move these pumps from one place to another. These bulky units consume a lot of electricity and are much costlier to buy.
One of the main disadvantages of an electric pump is that it can’t be used close to a power source except for a generator. There will a great risk of electric shock if they are installed and operated near a power source.
How to opt for the right type of liquid transfer pump
If you are looking to buy a portable liquid transfer pump, make sure you consider the type of application you are going to use it for. For instance, if you are in need of a portable unit for a rural or farm application, opt for a diesel/petrol based unit as they are much more powerful and reliable than other types.
Primarily these pumps feature a centrifugal design. Since they can be taken from one place to another and can be operated in areas where electricity is not available, they are an ideal choice of farmers, miners and construction workers. In fact, they are used by all kinds of construction professionals.
These water pumps use a rotator impeller to draw water and forward it with high pressure. Their operation is quite simple. All you need to do is add fuel and turn them on just like a lawnmower and they will be good to go.
Unlike portable electric pumps, diesel or petrol pumps should be used outdoors. The reason is that these pumps emit a lot of carbon monoxide, which is not good for your health and that of your family members as well.
Given below is a description that will help you choose the right type of water transfer pump to satisfy your needs. More types of fluid transfer pumps can be found here.
Liquid type: Is the liquid you are going to transfer flammable or toxic? If so, you may want to use a pump that won’t leak these liquids at all. These pumps should be sealed properly from all sides.
Application criticality: If you need a pump in a system where you can’t afford to stop or turn off the pump, make sure you have a spare pump handy. Also, the pump designed for this purpose is quite reliable.
Sealing requirement: If the liquid you want to transfer is sterile or hazardous, make sure you get a pump that is sealed properly. Typically, these pumps feature mechanical seals to prevent leakage.
Construction requirement: If there is a lack of clean water or space constraints, you should consider a pump based on the size and configuration of the pump. Based on these factors, you can decide whether you should choose an oil-lubricated pump.
Efficiency: The efficiency of the pump is quite important. Since pumps, especially big water pumps consume a lot of energy; they emit a staggering amount of CO2 and cost a lot of money in terms of energy bills.
Therefore, it’s better to go for an energy-efficient pump. So, if you need to run the pump for hours on a daily basis, make sure the unit you are going to choose is energy efficient.
Drivers: Also, find out how the pump will be powered? Will it use an electric motor, diesel engine or steam turbine?
So, if you are looking for a good fluid transfer pump, you can buy one based on the information given in this article. This will help you make the right choice so you can meet your needs.